I have been examining this article in a few other classes so this blog post should come quite easy. The three main types of citizen focused on in this article is the participatory citizen, the personally responsible citizen, and the justice oriented. The question here, though, is if these types of citizen education is implemented through the K-12 system. I don’t see this as a straight forward, one answer, type of question. Instead, I believe there are parts where it is taught and areas where this needs to be vast improvement.
There is a lot of citizenship being taught in the younger grades. Especially in kindergarten, up to about grade 3 or 4. Here young children are learning the simplicity of what it means to be a good friend, how you can be kind to others, and to treat others with dignity and respect. This teaches them to be personally responsible for their selves and their actions. In the upper elementary years, students still learn those things, but with a heavier incentive. Now students are learning about what is going on in the world, what has happened in the world, and how they can start making a difference. Now students are becoming the participatory citizen, on top of the personally responsible citizen. Alas, through my experience at least, there was not a lot being taught to cover the justice oriented- but perhaps learning about cyber bullying and bullying can contribute to that area.
High school was a different story. Obviously, there are the core classes you have to take to graduate, and you are offered electives to fill those empty credits you need. As someone who took both Indigenous Studies and History, the History aspect of the social sciences area is very transmission like- you learn dates and events, and you get tested on them. You did not really learn what it meant to be any type of citizen. In Indigenous Studies, along with learning facts and dates, there was emphasis on the justice oriented citizen. Perhaps you need a passion in the area, I do, so I might be a little bias, but I feel my Indigenous Studies classes really encouraged me to be a better person and go out and create change within the Saskatchewan community, and is a big part of the reason why I am in Education with a Social Studies minor.
In other classes such as English, and some electives like Life Transitions, there are brief focuses on these three types of citizens, but maybe not quite enough. I am not saying every subject has to motivate kids to become educators, but the amount of people I know that are my age think they have nothing to contribute to the world, and that simply is not the case. Alas, I didn’t see really at all in math or science.